1998
MCM Problem A 

1998
MCM Problem B 
Problem:Background Some college administrators are
concerned about the grading at A Better Class (ABC) college.
On average, the faculty at ABC have been giving out high grades
(the average grade now given out is an A), and it is impossible to
distinguish between the good and mediocre students.
The terms of a very generous scholarship only allow the top 10%
of the students to be funded, so a class ranking is required. The dean had the thought of
comparing each student to the other students in each class, and using
this information to build up a ranking.
For example, if a student obtains an A in a class in which all
students obtain an A, then this student is only “average” in this
class. On the other hand, if a student obtains the only A in a
class, then that student is clearly “above average”.
Combining information from several classes might allow students
to be placed in deciles (top 10%, next 10%, etc.) across the college. Problem Assuming that the grades given
out are (A+, A, A, B+, . . . ) can the dean’s idea be made to work? Assuming that the grades given
out are only (A, B, C, . . . ) can the dean’s idea be made to work? Can any other schemes produce a
desired ranking? A concern is that the grade in
a single class could change many student’s deciles.
Is this possible? Data
Sets 